Western Union

La transmission de la bactérie, des moutons aux tiques, ne se produisait que lors du pic d’abondance de tiques (mai et septembre). Des études de transmission expérimentale ont confirmé que les moutons, préalablement exposés à des tiques infectées sur le terrain, ne développaient pas d’infections systémiques par B. On a d’abord cru cialis pas cher cialis que les petits rongeurs et les cervidés étaient toujours les principaux vecteurs des tiques elles-mêmes vectrices de borrélies pathogènes. Cette étude a confirmé les résultats d’un précédent travail.

African Diaspora Marketplace

African Diaspora Marketplace III: General Restrictions and Prohibitions

General Restrictions

  • The following Goods and Services are ineligible to be funded with ADM grants: Military equipment, Surveillance equipment, Commodities and services for support of police or other law enforcement activities, Abortion equipment and services, Luxury goods and gambling equipment, Weather modification equipment and Pesticides.
  • Procurement of the following Goods and Services with ADM grant funds will require detailed rationale, justification, and cost information. The following items may be ineligible and shall not be procured until approved by ADM: Agricultural commodities, Motor vehicles, Pharmaceuticals, Used equipment, U.S. Government-owned excess property, or Fertilizer. Finalists will be notified if additional justification is required once full business plans have been submitted.
  • Transactions with or the provision of resources or support to individuals and organizations associated with terrorism are ineligible for the ADM competition. For a list of organizations determined by the US Government to be associated with terrorism, click here. Other information can be found at
  • All ADM activities must be in accordance with US laws, regulations, and policies, including the US Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control regulations at
  • Any activity intended to influence a member of the US Congress (i.e. lobbying).
  • Any activity involving or related to “money transfer.”
  • For additional guidance on ADM General Restrictions, see USAID ADS

Prohibitions on Support for Outsourcing

  • ADM grant funds are not allowed to be used to support outsourcing or related efforts designed to induce the relocation of any U.S. business or reduce the number of employees of the business in the U.S. Prohibited activities include the provision of financial incentives to US businesses to relocate, direct marketing of investment opportunities in the sub-Saharan African country of implementation or studies to support the same. For full information on this restriction, see ADS 225.
  • Pursuit of the following activities with ADM grant funds will require additional review to ensure that they do not induce U.S. Firms to relocate: Technical assistance in establishing linkages with U.S. Businesses; Establishment of investment promotion offices; Financing trade fairs, exhibitions, and investment seminars in the sub-Saharan African host country;  Activities  involving  export processing zones; Equity fund investments in host country activities; and the following activities if the objective is to promote investment in the sub-Saharan African host country: media advertising in the U.S., investment promotion missions to the U.S., travel to the sub-Saharan African host country, support to a U.S. Office engaged in investment promotion, feasibility studies, research services, studies, insurance and technical and management assistance.
  • For additional guidance on ADM Prohibitions on outsourcing, see USAID ADS 225 (

Prohibitions on Violating Worker’s Rights

  • ADM will not support businesses or business activities that contribute to the violation of internationally recognized workers’ rights including the right of association and to organize and bargain collectively; the prohibition of any form of forced or compulsory labor; adherence to the minimum age for the employment of children; and the provision of acceptable conditions of work with respect to minimum wages, hours of work, and occupational safety and health.

Environmental Compliance

  • USAID encourages corporate environmental responsibility.   As such, grantees must comply with host country environmental regulations unless otherwise directed in writing by USAID.  In case of conflict between the host country and USAID regulations, the latter shall govern.
  • Those plans involving support for activities with potential for negative environmental impact will be subjected to the Africa Bureau Environmental Screening and Review Process which is described in the Africa Bureau’s Environmental Guidelines for Small-scale Activities in Africa.  The Guidelines can be found at
  • Certain businesses that have been determined to have the potential for negative environmental impacts may need to prepare a brief Environmental Review Form/Report (AFR Environmental Review Form Word 260KB) and, as appropriate, an Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring Plan EMMP. Please click here for a basic EMMP template.
  • For additional guidance on ADM Environmental Procedures, see


ADM News Feed

GES 2016 aims to showcase inspiring entrepreneurs and investors from around the world creating new opportunities for investment, partnership View More » 12 Jun, 2016

We are pleased to announce that Semai Consulting is offering multiple Diaspora Leadership Trainings this spring and summer, b View More » 22 Apr, 2016

View More